What removes age spots and how can we avoid getting them in the first place? Some people view age spots as wisdom spots. After all, we get them as we get older and we all know the older we get, usually the wiser we get. As we age, our skin starts to show signs of the aging process. Unfortunately, age spots are one of those signs. If you are comfortable with your age spots, wonderful. However, for some people, keeping their skin young and flawless is a goal. With so many great products and remedies, there is no reason to live with age spots. Let’s put our best face forward and embrace our youthful glow!
Will Fade Creams Remove My Age Spots?
Let’s answer that pressing question of what removes age spots? Let’s take a look at effective ingredients known to fade age spots. There is nothing new under the sun. Basically, meaning, the vast majority of effective age spot removing creams contain the same ingredients over and over. So if you are searching and searching for something new, save yourself some time. You will find these same ingredients in all the top fade creams. Generally, if you see these ingredients, you know it has been proven effective. What are those ingredients?
- alpha hydroxy acid (AHA)
- beta hydroxy Acid
- kojic acid
- azelaic acid
- licorice root
- hyaluronic acid
- vitamin C
- salicylic acid
Now that we know what removes age spots, let’s take a look at why these ingredients are beneficial. Hydroquinone is known to reduce melanin production. Melanin is the substance that gives skin its color. It basically causes the skin to tan. An over production of melanin is what causes age spots and other discolorations. So it you reduce melanin production, you reduce discolorations. Also, hydroquinone lightens the skin. Basically, you are getting a double benefit. Typically, most dermatologists provide hydroquinone products 4% to remedy Melasma, age spots and other discolorations. The maximum over the counter dosage for hydroquinone is 2%.
Licorice root extract is a natural alternative to hydroquinone. It is known for lightening age spots and promoting healthy even toned skin. Licorice root also contains antioxidants that fight free radicals that damage the skin.
Retinol can also be obtained in a prescription strength. Retinoids are dermatologists favorites because there is so much science behind it. The benefits of retinoids are reduced wrinkles, more elasticity, slows down the collagen breakdown process and lightens age spots and other discolorations. You can get retinol in over the counter products or for stronger concentration, you can get a prescription. If you opt for a prescription strength retinoid such as Retin A, please follow the directions for usage carefully. If applied to heavily, you skin may peel or burn.
Hyaluronic Acid and Aloe are both very hydrating to the skin.
Vitamin C is an antioxidant. It improves the look of fine lines, wrinkles and discolorations.
Kojic acid works similar to hydroquinone in that is reduces melanin production. It inhibits the enzyme, tyrosinase, which is the culprit that produces melanin. An over production of melanin means dark spots, melasma and other skin discolorations. Basically kojic acid is able to prevent skin pigmentation, which helps lighten and even out your skin tone.
Some people do not like to use hydroquinone because it has been linked to cancer in rats, in very high doses. Although most dermatologists deem it safe for usage for a limited time period. If using hydroquinone is a concern, using a product with kojic acid is an alternative.
Azelaic acid is often prescribed as an acne treatment. However, it is effective in the treatment of age spots and hyperpigmentation. Azelaic acid belongs to a class of drugs known as dicarboxylic acids.
Azelaic acid exists naturally in many whole grains, barley, wheat, and oats. It also inhibits the enzyme, tyrosinase similar to hydroquinone and kojic acid. All beneficial in reducing skin discolorations.
Alpha hydroxy acid, beta hydroxy acid and saticylic acid all work by sloughing off the top layer of the skin cells, leaving clearer skin. Think about it this way. Hydroquinone, kojic acid and azelaic acid all inhibit melanin production, so dark spots don’t appear. They you have the hydroxy acids, sloughing off the old skin. The results you see are clearer, smoother, more even skin tone.
Licorice root extract is known for its skin brightening abilities. The glabridin part of the licorice extract inhibits melanin production. Therefore, lightening dark spots and evening out your skin tone.
In conclusion, think about it this way. Hydroquinone, kojic acid, azelaic acid and licorice root all inhibit melanin production. So if the over production of melanin is blocked, you don’t have dark spots appearing. Then you have the hydroxy acids, sloughing off the old skin. The results you see are clearer, smoother, more even skin tone.
The best way to prevent age spots is being proactive. Never go out without applying sunscreen. This does not mean just at the beach or in the summer. It means using sunscreen on a daily basis. Sunscreen is your best defense to keep your skin in prime condition. I hope this has clarified what removes age spots.